Mission

The mission of the International Academy of Perinatal Medicine is guided by the international ethical concept of fiduciary responsibility to protect and promote the health of pregnant women, fetal patients, and newborns globally. In adopting this ethical concept as its foundation, the Academy seeks to transcend differences of national origin, history, religion, ethnicity, gender and race.

In furtherance of this mission, the Academy is committed to provide evidence-based and ethically justified advice on scientific, clinical, research, and health policy matters related to perinatal medicine. A nonprofit organization was specifically created for this purpose (as well as an honorific membership organization): the International Academy of Perinatal Medicine, chartered in May 2005, in a meeting at the Headquarters of the Royal Academy of Medicine of Catalonia in Barcelona, Spain.

The Academy provides its advice independently of the framework of other professional organizations and of governments, to ensure scientifically and ethically justified information concerning health and policy to physicians, leaders of healthcare organizations, government officials, and the broader public globally concerning all aspects of perinatal medicine (F. A. Chervenak and L. McCullough).

OBJECTIVES OF THE IAPM

According to the art. 3 of the Constitution of the IAPM, the objectives of the Academy are as follows:
  1. To promote the study of scientifi c principles and practical applications in the area of Perinatal Medicine. For this purpose it will create in its bosom adequate «Study Groups» to investigate and refl ect on specifi c problems. Its findings will be released in the form of statements, recommendations and/or guidelines.
  2. To promote research and education in the fi eld of Reproductive Health, conducting courses and workshops either by itself or through sister organizations (Ian Donald School of Ultrasonography, World School of Perinatal Medicine, etc.).
  3. To develop and improve the exchange of information and dialogue, in accordance with the academic principles mentioned, convening an Annual Scientifi c Conference to discuss the most current and confl icting issues.
  4. To foster international aid to developing countries to actively promote maternal and child health care across the world. This objective shall be done through «Matres Mundi International».
  5. To maintain an adequate relationship with societies and institutions involved in Perinatal Medicine.

IDENTITY

As it is stated in art. 1 of the Constitution of the IAPM (International Perinatal Academy of Medicine) it is a scientifi c, international and independent nonprofit academic institution for the study, evaluation, dialogue and promotion of Perinatal Medicine across the world.

SPECIFICS CHARACTERISTICS

The IAPM has among its identity credits:
  1. The wish to promote knowledge of Perinatal Medicine and its clinical and technological applications, placing special emphasis on its social, ethical and anthropological dimensions.
  2. The application of the values, the style and the outstanding academic principles (love for science, seriousness, mutual respect, freedom, independence etc.) to enrich the dialogue between controversial ideas and views in the fi eld of Perinatal Medicine.
  3. To offer objective and independent advice to institutions and to the general public of the world’s scientific society on problems and dilemmas about Perinatal Medicine, making use of its moral authority, and promoting the basic principles of charity, justice and autonomy.
  4. The publication of statements demanding that the human reproductive process takes place, anywhere in the world, in terms of physical mental and social well-being, both for the mother and the child, overriding the brutal current imbalances.
  5. The will to provide perinatologists all over the world with suitable tools (recommendations and guidelines) to help to develop their task within parameters of excellence, and cultivate their knowledge on the history of perinatal medicine, terminology and bioethics.

The Origin of the Academies

An academy is an institution designed to promote the progress of letters, arts and science, drawing on the experience of its members, who use, following Plato, dialogue, reflection and study to achieve its objectives.

The names comes from the Plato Philosophical School, called Academy to honor the attic hero Academ (Athens 387 a.C.) where there was a community dedicated to the study of mathematics, astronomy, music and general science. Being inspired in this spirit and in the methodology proposed with "The dialogs" in the fifteenth century appeared the first modern academies, mostly of philosophical nature (Platonic Academy of Florence, Roman Academy, Bostonian Academy, etc). During the seventeenth century new academies were created with a stronger scientific or cultural roots, most of which still persist, like for example the Academie Francaise (1635), British Academy (1662), Deutsche Akademie der Wissenchaften (1700), the Spanish Academy (1714) or the Russian Academy of Sciences (1725) etc.

Finally, in the course of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries most of the Medicine academies were founded; among them we wish to mention the Academy of Medicine of Catalonia, whose neoclassical sheltered the Foundational Ceremony of the IAPM.

First rationalism (seventeenth century) and then supporters of the Age of Enlightenment (eighteenth century), inspired the creation of the new academies. The "reason why" constitutes the basic belief of its members. They dropped the Revelation as a scientific explanation and looked for "the knowledge" by reading the book of Nature and not the Holy Scriptures.

An Academy differs from a Society or Association due to some basic features: the rigorous selection of their regular-fellows (sometimes the academic title is the coronation of a lifetime devoted to science), the "numerous clausus", the lifelong and sable character of its membership (although their officials are renewable), the liking of the ceremonial aspects as for example the oath of the newly appointed members, the emphasis on the cultivation of history, bio-ethics and the philosophy of science, the desire to influence in the general society through solemn declarations and statements and the thrust of science through sound reflection, clarifying discussion and calm reasoning analysis of the problems. Ultimately an Academy wants become the critical spirit and conscience of the scientific community.